Relative dating methods in anthropology

For those researchers working in the field of human history, the chronology of events remains a major element of reflection.Archaeologists have access to various techniques for dating archaeological sites or the objects found on those sites.When museums and collectors purchase archaeological items for their collections they enter an expensive and potentially deceptive commercial fine arts arena.Healthy profits are to be made from illicitly plundered ancient sites or selling skillfully made forgeries.They are engaged in defining the stages of hominid evolution and their artifactual record, and the assignment of a chronology to these stages.

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Archaeologists use several methods to assign ages to events of the past.

The deposit thus occurring forms layers depending on the nature of the material brought in by the people inhabiting the area.

According to this method, the upper deposits are younger and the lower deposits are older.

According to the Dictionary of Anthropology, the word chronology means the science of computing dates or treaties showing arrangement of events with dates.

In other words, Chronology is the arrangement of events, or the materials which represent them, in the order of their occurrence in time.

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